NPG 4137,Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey,attributed to Thomas PhillipsManuTeeFaktur_Earl_Grey_TeaCitrus_bergamia_-_Köhler–s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-184Volckamer's_Illustration_of_Bergamot_FruitManuTeeFaktur-Earl_Grey-002MTF_NICHT_EU_Organic_Logo_01

Earl Grey

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EARL GREY

CAMELLIA SINENSIS

EARL GREY

EARL GREY tea is a tea blend with a distinctive citrus flavour and aroma derived from the addition of oil extracted from the rind of the bergamot orange, a fragrant citrus fruit.

Traditionally, the term “Earl Grey” has applied only to black teas that contain oil of bergamot as a flavouring.

HISTORY

Tea flavoured with bergamot to imitate the more expensive types of Chinese tea has been known in England at least since the 1820s. In 1837 there is a record of court proceedings against Brocksop & Co. who were found to have supplied tea “artificially scented, and, drugged with bergamot in this country”, but there is no known published reference to an 'Earl Grey' tea before advertisements by Charlton & Co. of Jermyn Street in London in the 1880s, though 'Grey's Tea' is known from the 1850s.

The Earl Grey blend, or “Earl Grey's Mixture”, is assumed to be named after The 2nd Earl Grey, British Prime Minister in the 1830s and author of the Reform Bill of 1832. Lord Grey reputedly received a gift, probably a diplomatic perquisite, of tea flavoured with bergamot oil. Bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia) is a small citrus tree which blossoms during the winter and is grown commercially in Calabria, Italy. It is likely a hybrid of Citrus limetta and Citrus aurantium.

THE LEGEND I

According to one legend, a grateful Chinese mandarin whose son was rescued from drowning by one of Lord Grey's men first presented the blend to the Earl in 1803. The tale appears to be apocryphal, as Lord Grey never set foot in China and the use of bergamot oil to scent tea was then unknown in China. …

THE LEGEND II

According to the Grey family, the tea was specially blended by a Chinese mandarin for Lord Grey, to suit the water at Howick Hall, the family seat in Northumberland, using bergamot in particular to offset the preponderance of lime in the local water. Lady Grey used it to entertain in London as a political hostess, and it proved so popular that she was asked if it could be sold to others.

THE LEGEND III

During a storm on a voyage on the high seas between China and England, the cargo of the ship was heavily displaced and Bergamot oil was spilled and infiltrated the tea bales. At the arrival of the ship in London Lord Charles Grey (2nd) who was the British Prime Minister at the time decided to first sample the “dirty” tea and then decide if the load had to be destroyed. However, friends and acquaintances favoured that tea and the Earl decided to present “flavoured tea” to the trade.

CHARLES GREY, 2nd EARL GREY

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, KG PC (13 March 1764 – 17 July 1845), known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 22 November 1830 to 16 July 1834.

He had four brothers and two sisters. He was educated at Richmond School,[2] followed by Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge,[3] acquiring a facility in Latin and in English composition and declamation that enabled him to become one of the foremost parliamentary orators of his generation. Grey was elected to Parliament for the Northumberland constituency on 14 September 1786, aged just 22.

… Until 1833 the East India Company monopolised the tea trade with China. It was Lord Grey who repeal the monopol.

BERGAMOT

The word bergamot is etymologically derived from Bergomotta in Italian, originating from Bergamo, a town in Italy; earlier references exist indicating derivation from Turkish Beg-armudi “prince's pear” or “prince of pears”. Originally the Bergamot is grown only along a narrow, approximately one hundred kilometers of coastline between the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian Sea in Calabria, Villa San Giovanni to Gioiosa Ionica by the “toe” of Italy.

The essential Bergamot oil is pressed from the peel of small, yellow to orange fruit of the bergamot tree. To generate one liter of oil, 200 kg fruit must be pressed …

DETAILS

Origion: Ceylon-Sri Lanka/China

Plant: Camellia sinensis

Colour: coppery

Aroma: fruity, citrous, intense aromatic

Feature: rich and impervious to “hard water”

Preparation: 2/3 tea spoons per pot

Temperature: 100ºC/212ºF / 3min 00sec

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S: 70g / M: 180g / L: 650g

SHIPPING COSTS:

>2kg: 4,10€ Germany/8,90€ EU/15,90€ World (Zone-I)

>5kg: 6,99€ Germany/16,99€ EU(Zone-I)/29,99€ World(Zone-II)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_Grey_tea

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Grey,_2nd_Earl_Grey

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/96/Volckamer%27s_Illustration_of_Bergamot_Fruit.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bergamot_orange

Foto:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Grey2.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cc/Citrus_bergamia_-_K%C3%B6hler%E2%80%93s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-184.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/96/Volckamer%27s_Illustration_of_Bergamot_Fruit.jpg

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NPG 4137,Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey,attributed to Thomas PhillipsManuTeeFaktur_Earl_Grey_TeaCitrus_bergamia_-_Köhler–s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-184Volckamer's_Illustration_of_Bergamot_FruitManuTeeFaktur-Earl_Grey-002MTF_NICHT_EU_Organic_Logo_01

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